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Environmental toxicants cause hormonal crisis

Published : Friday, 28 September, 2018 at 12:00 AM Count : 586
Shishir Reza & Sharmin Akter 

Hormone is very important for psychological, physical and mental health. The word 'hormone' is derived from a Greek literacy means "to set in motion". Hormones such as adrenal, pituitary, pineal, parathyroid, hypothalamus, thyroid, pancreas, testes and ovaries are transported by the circulatory system to target organs to regulate human psychology and physiology.
Hormones are the engineer of human essences to design the pathway fueling the activities of life significantly. As a chemical messenger, a hormone works to engineer the communication between organs and tissues for physiological regulation and behavioral activities controlling the essence and urge of life -- digestion, metabolism, respiration, functions of tissue, sleep, excretion, lactation, stress, growth, movement, reproduction, and mood.
But there are a lot of causes to create hormonal crisis or diseases in human health. For example, high stress levels, poor gut health, vitamin D deficiency, tied to too little UV light exposure or obesity,  lack of sleep, or too little rest and relaxation, too much or too little exercise, unhealthy lifestyle choices including smoking, high alcohol consumption, or using drugs, genetics. Most importantly, nowadays hormonal diseases are emerged in public health by environmental toxicants.
Through the process of bio-magnifications and bio-concentration, diverse plant and animal toxins emerged in natural environment and then human health.  Chemicals used in the production of food, such as pesticides and veterinary drugs; contaminants formed during food production and cooking; contaminants arising from food packaging, or natural toxins in food.
Consumers' perceptions of food-related risks have recently been investigated by food safety related organizations. The highest concern is reported for pesticides in fruit, vegetables and cereals, with 80% of the respondents being very worried. Somewhat fewer people are worried about residues like antibiotics and hormones in meat (70%), pollutants like mercury and dioxins (69%), food poisoning from bacteria (62%) or putting on weight (47%).
Apart from that, potash, sulphate, calcium carbonate, triples super phosphate are normally used in agricultural field for high crop production. For potato and egg-plant they apply carbendajin, wantap-50, wansilva 10, quinfis-25 per cent, denitol, festaq 2.5, melathion, corden, methoxicore, bydrin, dibrone, diajinon 10, lebasid and dimecron. Fenom, theovit, nexin, sevin, diplerox, monotuf 40, thiojen have been used for sponge gourd, ribbed gourd, teasle gourd, sweet gourd, cucumber, cabbage, cauliflower and Hyacinth bean. In the same way, for Aush, Amon and Boro ? polivit-500, kiridan-5, crijol-5, basudin-10, topsin mithyle, ripcord, dursburn 20 and sebin-60 are used.
As a result -- kidney disease, abnormal calcium levels, changes in vitamin levels, poor bone health, increased risk for fractures and osteoporosis, unintentional weight gain or loss, hair loss, hair thinning, unexpected changes in appetite and mood changes or oppression are common diseases by those environmental or man-made chemicals among mass people.
Typically, these hormonal problems are treated using medications. They may or may not work to improve symptoms depending on the person. These include: hormone replacement therapy, birth control pills, insulin injections, fertility drugs, thyroid medications.
In this context, we have to maintain some health related issues. Such as, consume toxicants free a balance of macronutrients ( proteins, fats); reduce inflammatory foods( grain products, food containing gluten, hydrogenated oils, trans fats; consume pro-biotic and pre-biotic foods(yogurt, fruits, legumes, oats, onions, bananas and chicory roots); aim for 25-30 g fiber per day(avocados, lentils, split peas); eat enough healthy fats(nut and seeds, coconut oils, wild-caught salmon, olive oil); drink enough water; and limit alcohol or caffeine to avoid the hormonal crises in health.

Shishir Reza is an environmental analyst, Bangladesh Economic Association and Sharmin Akter is an urban planner, Bangladesh Institute of Planners.

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