Journalism in today's modern world is an occupation where both male and female segments of society are thought to be equally represented. However, there used to be a time when journalism was considered to be entirely a male profession. It is an established fact that the early women of journalism with great difficulty covered the way for the young female journalists of today by showing males that females can be just as effective as them in the field of journalism. It is very apparent that even though women in this comparatively backward region, currently have more rights than they did several decades ago compared to other professions but in the field of journalism they still have a long distance to go to reach equal rights.
Even The Guardian's report says: "It is still a men's world in national newspaper journalism, according to a survey released last night by the campaigning group Women in Journalism (WiJ).
The study found that 74% of news journalists on the nationals are men and that men also dominate political and business journalism. Somewhat less surprisingly, just 3% of sports journalists are women."
Moreover, Huffington Post's report says: "A study released by Media Matters For America in June of this year found that women make up only 38 per cent of newsroom staff - a figure that has remained the same for the past 14 years, and one that, according to Christy C Bulkeley of the Nieman Foundation For Journalism at Harvard University, is a mere 4 per cent higher than the percentage of female newspaper reporters 30 years ago. Media Matters for America also found that women are underrepresented in newsroom leadership positions, comprising only 34.6 per cent of newsroom supervisors in 2013."
New Statesman's report says: "Women in journalism still cluster around particular subjects with few reporting on politics, business and sport."
Journalism initially remained a man dominated profession, just like other spheres of life but it was not because of the lack of the capabilities or inabilities of the female gender in this field. Rather, it was because of strict social norms, restrictions and purely religious grounds which hindered the women strata of the society in utilising their talent in joining this profession. The working conditions have never been encouraging for ladies to do something other than doing household jobs in this province our country. It is an accepted truth all over the world that the female sector always experienced gender inequity in every field of life.
Here the relation of transport, the female journalist uses, and their comfort in public transport has been found. Majority of the respondents use the public transport and said that it is too difficult for them while coming in public transport to the office while reporting in public places, political gatherings and rallies. Most of the problems they are facing while performing their duties in their offices, in field work and reporting, in their society. The women's response towards the different fields like teaching, nursing, medical etc is positive, but there is very less attention towards the field of journalism. Due to the low literacy rate and strict customs of the society, majority of the families do not want their daughters and sisters to join the profession of journalism particularly. So in addition to the social and cultural values the low literacy rate plays a deciding role in the low induction of females in journalism. It is obvious that the working environment for female journalists is not according to even the basic requirements of a civilised society. Moreover women journalists need to carry out their work with adequate security, protection and high-level support.