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Sunday, April 12, 2015, Chaitra 29, 1421 BS, Jamadius Sani 21, 1436 Hijr

The second war criminal executed
Mamunur Rashid
Published : Sunday, 12 April, 2015,  Time : 12:00 AM,  View Count : 178
Jamaat leader Muhammad Kamaruzza-man was the second war criminal, who was hanged to death on charges of war crimes in the 1971 War of Liberation.  
Abdul Kader Mollah of the same party was the first war criminal who was given death sentence by Bangladesh's International Crimes Tribunal (ICT) and executed on  December 12, 2013 when his appeal was rejected by the apex court of the country.  
Abdul Kader Mullah, an accused of committing killing, rape and other atrocities in 1971 was ordered by the ICT to be hanged on his neck till death. The ICT was set up in 2010 to investigate abuses committed during the 1971 War of Liberation. Mullah was a senior leader of the Jamaat-e-Islami party.
Abdul Kader Mullah, was described by prosecutors as the "Butcher of Mirpur", a suburb of Dhaka where he is alleged to have carried out his crimes. These included the massacre of unarmed civilians and the killing of intellectuals who supported independence from Pakistan.
Notorious Al-Badr commander Kamaruzzaman was charged with the brutal killing of 120 people of a sleepy village under Sherpur district making 57 women widows. A cry of agony can still be heard if someone visits Shohagpur village, the killing spot of Kamaruzzaman.     
Four other leading Jamaat figures have also been convicted by the ICT.  
The man, symbol of war crimes in Bangladesh, Ghulam Azam, 91, died on October 23, 2014 after life support was removed at the Bangabandhu Sehikh Mujib Medical University in the capital. Ghulam Azam,  former leader of the Jamaat-e-Islami, was sentenced to 90 years in jail for crimes against humanity.
Azam was strongly opposed to Bangladesh's independence from Pakistan, arguing at the time that it would divide the Muslim community. He also cautioned that an independent Bangladesh would come under the political and economic influence of neighbouring India.
Motiur Rahman Nizami was awarded death sentence for war crimes in 2014.  Nizami faced 16 charges including genocide, murder, torture and rape. Nizami was born in 1943 and has been an active supporter of the party since he was a student.
At the time of the 1971 war, he as president of Islami Chhatra Sangha, then the party's student wing,  vociferously campaigned against the division of Pakistan.
He is accused of setting up the al-Badr group, an auxiliary force which helped the Pakistani army identify and kill pro-independence Bengali activists.
Nizami, a Dhaka University graduate, was twice elected to the Bangladeshi parliament and served as a minister in the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)-led government during 2001-2006.
Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid, Jamaat's secretary general, has been sentenced to death. He appealed  against his conviction.
Mujahid, former social welfare minister in the BNP-led government from 2001 to 2006. He was a student leader in 1971 and advocated for a unified Pakistan.
His critics say he, also an al-Badr leader, was responsible for the killings of a number of pro-independence Bangladeshi leaders and intellectuals.
He strongly denied the allegations but the tribunal found him guilty of five charges, including abduction and murder.
Delwar Hossain Sayeedi, now serving life in jail, was charged in February, 2013 for murder, torture and rape. Arrested in June 2010, he was the first suspect to be indicted by the war crime tribunal in 2011.
State prosecutors accused him of working with the al-Badr group during the independence struggle and of carrying out numerous atrocities, including forcibly converting Hindus to Islam
Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury was sentenced to death in October 2013 on charge of genocide and murder
A former minister, Salahuddin is a BNP MP and the most senior leader from the party to be sentenced for crimes against humanity. He also appealed against his conviction.
His father Fazlul Quader Chowdhury was the Speaker of the National Assembly of undivided Pakistan in 1965 and campaigned for a united Pakistan.
The tribunal found Salahuddin guilty of nine out of 23 charges, including genocide, arson and persecuting people on religious and political grounds. He was also accused of forcefully converting a number of Hindus to Islam.
The another convict in a death row is Jamaat leader Mir Quasem Ali who had ordered the death of Tuntun Sen and Ranajit Das after the two were taken to Chittagong's Dalim Hotel during Bangladesh's Liberation War.
Jamaat  leader ATM Azharul Islam, another convict, led the notorious Al-Badr militia in Rangpur. He has been sentenced to death for genocide of 1,400 Hindus during the Liberation War.
Jamaat leader AKM Yusuf, charged with crimes against humanity committed during 1971 Liberation War, died on February 9 ,2014.
The International Crimes Tribunal has sentenced Zahid Hossain, better known as Khokon Razakar, to death for war crimes at Faridpur's Nagarkanda in 1971. Meanwhile, law enforcers are clueless to his whereabouts but Bangladeshis living in Sweden said the man was living with his elder son and daughter there.
The International Crimes Tribunal Bangladesh has sentenced Abul Kalam Azad, a former leader of the Jamaat-e-Islami party, to death for crimes against humanity. He was found guilty in absentia on eight charges. Azad, also known as Bachchu Razakar, is suspected to have fled to Pakistan. As these tribunals enjoy the status of a High Court, Azad can still file an appeal but only with the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court within 30 days of the delivery of the judgment.

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