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Need to boost adaptive capacity to build a safe world: PM Hasina

Published : Monday, 22 April, 2024 at 1:03 PM  Count : 397

Need to boost adaptive capacity to build a safe world: PM Hasina

Need to boost adaptive capacity to build a safe world: PM Hasina


Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Monday called for increasing adaptive capacity and strengthening resilience to build a safe and beautiful world for future generations.

"We aim to build a safe and beautiful world for future generations. Achieving this goal requires increasing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience, and undertaking coordinated risk reduction initiatives," she said.

The prime minister said this while inaugurating the four-day UN Climate Adaptation Conference National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Expo 2024 at the Bangabandhu International Conference Center (BICC)

In order to achieve this goal she put forward six stems.

First, major carbon-emitting countries must take effective action to reduce their emissions to limit global temperature rise to within 1.5 degrees Celsius;

Second, commitments by developed countries to an annual climate fund of $100 billion must be met. This fund must be equally distributed between adaptation and mitigation.

Third, developed countries must ensure efficient energy solutions and the transfer of technologies to developing countries.

Fourth, during the transition to renewable energy, the development priorities of the countries involved should be taken into account based on their loss and damage;

Fifth, all countries must share the responsibility for the rehabilitation of people displaced by sea-level rise, salinity, river erosion, floods, and droughts.

Finally, major economies must work globally in partnership with all stakeholders to ensure a sustainable future for generations to come.

Environment, Forest and Climate Change Secretary Farhina Ahmed, UN Resident Coordinator in Bangladesh Gwyn Lewis, executive secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Simon Steele and Environment, Forest and Climate Change Minister Saber Hossain Chowdhury were among others also spoke at the programme.

The prime minister said that although Bangladesh's contribution to global carbon emissions is less than 0.48 percent, it is one of the most affected and vulnerable countries to its negative impact.

"These adverse effects of climate change threaten our potential development and economic prosperity. Continued global warming is raising sea levels," she said.

As a result, she mentioned, a large swath of southwestern Bangladesh, which comprises about 12-17 percent of the country's total area, is at risk of submergence by the end of this century.

"We have made the call to the developed world to limit global temperature rise to 1.5°C," she said.

Sheikh Hasina mentioned that in 2015, Bangladesh formulated the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and submitted it to the UNFCCC in 2021 after updating.

In the document, she said, Bangladesh set an unconditional 6.73 percent and a conditional 15.12greenhouse gas emission reduction target.

She also mentioned that Bangladesh has reduced the use of fossil fuels and increased the use of renewable energy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and in 2023 it formulated the Mujib Climate Prosperity Plan (MCPP), which aims to reach from vulnerability to resilience to prosperity while combating the adverse impacts of climate change.

Besides, she said in the adaptation and mitigation programs of the MCPP, emphasis has been laid on the spontaneous participation of local people and stakeholders and nature-based solutions.

"Bangladesh has already formulated the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) for 2022-2050 and submitted it to the UNFCCC in October 2022. In this plan, 113 priority programs have been identified in 8 sectors across 11 climate risk areas," she said.

She sated that for this purpose Bangladesh needs approximately 230 billion US dollars to implement the action plans adopted in the NAP over the next 27 years.

"I urge the rich countries and the international community to provide specific funds and additional financial resources."

The prime minister said that developed countries are contributing more to global warming through massive carbon emissions.

"It is their moral responsibility to protect the people affected by climate change. During our tenure as the chair of the Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF), we repeatedly called for implementing the pledge of providing $100 billion per year by developed countries for adaptation and mitigation activities. I hope the developed countries will abide by their promises."

She also urged the international community and wealthy nations to continue providing financial, scientific, and technical assistance to Bangladesh and other countries facing threats from the adverse impacts of climate change, even after graduation to developing countries.

According to the COP-26 decision, she said, developed countries should double their adaptation financing by 2025 compared to 2019. She urged rich countries to fulfil this commitment.

"It should be ensured that countries that have already formulated NAPs can easily and quickly access financial support from all available sources, including the UNFCCC, to implement their NAPs."

Hasina said that Bangladesh is taking appropriate actions in adaptation and mitigation to reduce the potential damage caused by climate change.

"In this case, Bangladesh will take the necessary initiatives to access funding from the UNFCCC's Loss and Damage Fund."

She said that Bangladesh has always been working with the international community to combat the impacts of climate change.

Under the leadership of the prime minister's office, she said, Bangladesh has already formed the "Bangladesh Climate Development Partnership (BCDP" with development partners where all parties have agreed on this.

She hoped that the BCDP will significantly contribute to implementing the Mujib Climate Prosperity Plan, National Adaptation Plan, National Determined Contribution, and Vision 2041 of Bangladesh.

"Let's work together to protect this planet more intensively," she said.

From the programme, the prime minister also launched the Bangladesh Climate Development Partnership (BCDP).

TF

PM opens 4-day NAP Expo-2024


Related Topics

PM Hasina   Visit   NAP Expo  








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